2010年9月27日

The Indian Ocean Dipole

The IOD involves an aperiodic oscillation of sea-surface temperatures, between "positive", "neutral" and "negative" phases. A positive phase sees greater-than-average sea-surface temperatures and greater precipitation in the western Indian Ocean region, with a corresponding cooling of waters in the eastern Indian Ocean—which tends to cause droughts in adjacent land areas of Indonesia and Australia. The negative phase of the IOD brings about the opposite conditions, with warmer water and greater precipitation in the eastern Indian Ocean, and cooler and drier conditions in the west.


http://www.jamstec.go.jp/frsgc/research/d1/iod/

http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=10897&i=6626&x=12  (picture from)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Ocean_Dipole